The Giclee fine art print, achieves a level of accuracy and richness previously unavailable. Many artists and publishers consider this to be elite graphic art.
The last invention was the Giclee fine art print, which became possible in the 1990's. Known for having higher resolution, the Gicless printing process does not require stone or plates, it's transparency is taken from original artwork, virtually capturing every nuance of an original painting. It is a high resolution digital spray printing, which is done so by sophisticated printer controls that spurt tiny drops of highly saturated, non-toxic water based, long lasting ink.
Original Color Lithograph:
At the end of the 18th century, a new method of printing was discovered through the use of gay colors called Polyautography known as Chemical Printing. This style of printing came to be called Lithography, which is the process of chemical printing on stone. Not requiring anything mechanical, this is purely a chemical process.
The difference between an original lithograph and lithograph is as follows:
Original lithograph: the image is drawers with a greasy crayon on a smooth grain surface of stone (today, metal plates are used).
Lithograph: A drawing on specialized paper from which it can be transferred by pressure to a stone or plate and run through the press.
Heliogravures & Color Heliotype (Identical French & English words):
Definition: Photomechanical process that creates the intaglio surface where the image is etched into a copper plate, then the copper plate is used to print the image onto etching paper using ink.